General Description

(Sami, Samoiedskaïa Sabaka, Samoyedskaya, Sammy) Because the Samoyed is fundamentally a working breed, their presence is one of strength, agility, and dignity. They are beautiful, elegant, and they carry themselves with pride. Their muscular body is shorter in length to allow for liberty and agility. They have a deep chest, well-sprung ribs, and a sturdy, gracefully arched neck. Their strong back is of medium length and their loins are well-muscled and slightly arched. The belly is defined, tightly muscled, and features an appealing tuck-up. The Samoyed’s wedge-shaped skull is wide, slightly crowned, and forms an equilateral triangle between the inner base of the dog’s ears and the center-most point of the dog’s stop. The muzzle of this breed is of medium length and width, and it tapers toward the nose. Their far-set ears are sized in proportion to the dog’s head, and they are mobile and covered in hair. Their deep-set, almond-shaped eyes are set far apart. Brown is the preferred eye color for this breed, but light blue also exists. Their noses are usually black in color and their strong teeth close in a scissors bite. The long-haired coat of the Samoyed is very thick, harsh, and straight. The double coat features a soft undercoat that protects these dogs from harsh weather conditions. Coat colors for this bred include white, yellow, biscuit, and cream.

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The Samoyed is a highly adaptable working breed with a gentle, loyal disposition. They have a caring, easy-going nature and they are very eager to please their master(s). These dogs tend to form an especially close relationship with one person, but they are generally accepting of everyone. Because they are so social and outgoing, they do not make particularly good watch dogs. They are even likely to attempt to make friends with an intruder. This breed gets along great with children, and they willingly adapt to indoor family life. They are highly intelligent, but their willful streak may cause them to be resistant to formal training. Owners of this breed should state commands firmly and patiently. Training should start from an early age to instill good habits. While the Samoyed never seeks out conflict or mischief, they will defend themselves if the need strikes. These dogs have a propensity to chew, and this habit could lead to destruction if they are left alone for extended periods of time. Many Samoyeds get along well with cats, but they shouldn’t be left unattended with other small animals. This breed likes to bark.


21 – 24 inches

males are 21 – 23 inches (53 – 61 cm.) females are 19 – 21 inches (48 – 53 cm.)


45 – 65 pounds

males 45 – 65 pounds (20.5 – 30 kg.) females 35 – 50 pounds (16 – 20.5 kg.)

General Health

Like many other larger dog breeds, the Samoyed is prone to hip dysplasia. Some lines are susceptible to diabetes. This breed typically lives for 12 to 15 years.


The Samoyeds are a population of hunters and fisherman that have lived in Siberia since ancient times. For centuries, the Samoyeds have used a beautiful, robust white dog to pull their sleds. Eventually, this dog became known by the name of their people. An explorer named Robert Scott brought several of these dogs with him to England in 1889. Since that time, the breed has been developed. Today, the Samoyed is one of the most fashionable show and companion breeds.


The fluffy double coat of the Samoyed requires an extensive amount of grooming. The coat should be brushed on a regular basis. This breed sheds heavily during season.

Ideal Environment

The Samoyed is content to live in a small household or apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. They are a highly active breed indoors, and they are happiest with at least a small yard. Because of their heavy coats, the Samoyed is sensitive to hot climates. This breed needs a moderate amount of daily physical activity, but they shouldn’t be exerted in warm weather.

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