Eskimo dog

American Eskimo Dog

General Description

(Spitz, Standard Eskimo Dog, Toy Eskimo Dog, Miniature Eskimo Dog, American Eskimo, German Spitz, Deutscher Spitz, Eskie) American Eskimo Dogs are a Spitz-type breed that comes in three size varieties: standard, miniature, and toy. Their head is wedge-shaped and features an evenly proportioned muzzle and skull. The breed’s triangular-shaped ears stand erect. American Eskimo Dogs have prominent, almond-shaped eyes with dark eyelids. Their skin can vary from pink to gray, but black is the preferred color for their nose, gums, and pads. The body of the American Eskimo Dog is longer than it is tall, and their legs are sturdy and springy. The breed’s tail is heavily plumed and curls up over the back. Alaskan Eskimo Dogs have a lush, solid white coat that may or may not have biscuit or cream markings. Their topcoat is long and straight, and the undercoat is thick and plush.

Activity: High. This is an active, bouncy breed

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American Eskimo Dogs are fun-loving, playful, and charismatic. They are very good with children and make excellent family pets. Some Alaskan Eskimo dogs have an independent streak, but they usually adhere to their work and obey their master’s commands. A highly intelligent breed, the Alaskan Eskimo Dog is alert, acute, and easy to train. They need firm training to prevent the onset of behavioral difficulties or mischievous activities. They are protective over their families, but they will become accepting of strangers once they have been properly introduced. The breed aims to please, and they are exceptionally good at mastering tricks. Alaskan Eskimo dogs need attention, and they should be well-socialized to avoid the onset of aggressive behavior.

American eskimos tend to have a playful attitute and love people


9 – 19 inches


6 – 35 pounds

General Health

American Eskimo Dogs are a comparatively healthy breed, but like most other large dog breeds, they are prone to hip dysplasia. Some eye and tear duct problems are also common in this breed. American Eskimo Dogs have a thick coat that should be kept clean to prevent the onset of fleas and dermatitis. They are a very long-lived breed.

This breed is not a large dog breed, and as a breeder/owner/handler for more than 18 years in the American Kennel Club and the United Kennel Club, I can say that there are very rare instances of hip dysplasia. This breed has no real medical problems and in fact, having very little dander, the breed is almost hypo-allergenic. Some people that are normally allergic to dogs, have found that the American Eskimo does not cause the reactions that other breeds do.

Some dogs in this breed , although rare, form diabetes in their older years.


American Eskimo Dogs originated in the United States in the twentieth century. The breed was formerly referred to as the German Spitz. They were brought to the United States from Germany during WWI, and then were renamed because of the anti-German feelings during and after the war. They were utilized as circus dogs in the 1930’s and 1940’s, and are the first breed to ever walk a tightrope. The breed was recognized by the AKC in 1995. American Eskimo Dogs have a number of natural talents including guarding, narcotics detection, and trick performing. They are also good watchdogs.

This breed has been recognized by the UKC for more than 30 years.


American Eskimo Dogs have a thick, lush, snow-white coat that needs surprisingly little grooming. Brushing twice a week with a firm bristle brush is sufficient. They are average shedders, and should be brushed daily when shedding. American Eskimo Dogs love to go for walks, and they should be properly exercised on a daily basis.

Ideal Environment

As long as they are given daily exercise, an American Eskimo Dog can do well in a small household or apartment. Because of their activeness indoors, they are a breed that can be happy with a small yard. It’s important to ensure they are properly exercised because they have a natural propensity to put on weight.

They love the cold!

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