Carolina Dog

Carolina Dog

General Description

(American Dingo) The Carolina Dog has a very similar physical appearance to that of a small Dingo. The breed’s distinguishing characteristics have led to their survival throughout the swamps and forests of the south. The Carolina Dog has a well-developed chest and a medium-length, straight back. Their belly is tucked up and their neck is long. They have almond-shaped eyes that are dark in color and a pair of large, high-set ears that stand erect. Their head is wedge-shaped and their jaws are strong and powerful. They have a distinctive tail that exists in the shape of a fish hook. The tail is carried in various positions depending on the dog’s mood. The short-haired coat of the Carolina Dog is very thick, and a dense undercoat forms during season. Hair is longer on the neck, withers, and back. The coat is usually a deep red ginger in color, and pale buff markings often exist on the shoulders and side of the muzzle. Other coat colors for this breed include white (with spots), tan, beige, desert sand, yellow, orange, ginger red, and red sable.

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The Carolina Dog is a truly primitive breed that is the result of natural selection. It is not a completely domesticated breed, and specimens are still found today that exist in the wild. The Carolina Dog is a pariah dog that has survived throughout the swamps, forests, and savannahs throughout South Carolina and Georgia for thousands of years. They make excellent pets and are highly adaptable to domestication. Many Carolina Dogs are shy around people who are not included in their family pack and prefer to make friends and acquaintances on their own terms. With proper socialization from an early age, they are proven to be loyal and amenable companions. Because of their natural instincts, this breed loves to feel as though it is part of the pack. For this reason, they fit well into the natural framework of a family. They are gentle, kind, and get along great with children. They are clean and easy to housebreak. They are intelligent and responsive, and they are not aggressive or destructive. This breed has a tendency to howl at certain noises.


17 – 24 inches


40 – 60 pounds

General Health

The Carolina Dog has no reported health issues or concerns. This breed typically lives for 12 to 14 years.


The Carolina Dog was the first domesticated dog of the Americas. They were an Indian breed, and they come from the deep, southern regions of the United States. They are believed to be direct descendants of the ancient pariah dogs that accompanied Asians traveling across the Bering Straits around 8,000 years ago. The breed was discovered and named by Dr. I. Lehr Brisbin, Jr., a biology professor, at the United States Department of Energy’s site in the Savannah River in South Carolina. Wild dog breeds have roamed freely in this deserted area for many years. While many scientists believe the Carolina Dog is almost identical in appearance to the Dingo, some believe the breed’s bone structure is similar to the remains of the Neolithic dog bones from Native American burial sites that are thousands of years old. Scientists believe that researching the Carolina Dog could give them a better understanding of today’s dogs. The Carolina Dog is naturally talented and is utilized for a number of purposes.


The Carolina Dog has can have one of three coats, short, medium or Long/Soft. The short-haired coat is easy to groom and care for. While the coat will benefit from an occasional brushing, it can pretty much clean itself. This breed should be bathed only as necessary.  The Long/Soft coat does not matt or knot up and does not require more grooming. Also, the soft coat usually sheds less.

Ideal Environment

The Carolina Dog can live in a small household or apartment but they are not a fully domesticated breed, they require plenty of outdoor space. They adapt well to sunny climates, but they shouldn’t live in cold weather conditions. They don’t require a great deal of exercise, but they should have at least a small amount on a daily basis.

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